Sign up Login
Home Forums Articles Galleries Members Galleries Master Your Vision Galleries 5Contest Categories 5Winners Galleries 5ANPAT Galleries 5 The Winners Editor's Choice Portfolios Recent Photos Search Contest Info Help News Newsletter Join us Renew Membership About us Retrieve password Contact us Contests Vouchers Wiki Apps THE NIKONIAN™ For the press Fundraising Search Help!


From Nikonians Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search

Nikon Electronic Format. Nikon's proprietary Raw file format which is based upon TIFF (it has a standard TIFF header). It contains 12-bit or 14-bit of information and thus retains much more tonal range than e.g. JPEG with its 8 bit or TIFF with 8 bit.

A 12-bit NEF file can contain 4,096 colors per RGB channel or over 68 billion colors. When you combine the RGB channels you have: 4,096 x 4,096 x 4,096 = 68,719,476,736 colors.

A 14-bit NEF file can contain 16,384 colors per RGB channel or over 4 trillion shades. When you combine the RGB channels you have: 16,384 x 16,384 x 16,384 = 4,398,046,511,104 colors.

Using Raw files, you can do Non-destructive editing of your images once you are back home from the shoot.

Format details

The NEF format has evolved over the years and there are device specific implementations / variants. Modern Nikon cameras can be set to produce

  • NEF losless uncompressed
  • NEF losless compressed and
  • NEF lossy

NEF Format description

See also

How many bits - 8, 12 or 14?

Nikon NEF Codec for Windows

  • This page was last modified on 22 January 2021, at 15:34.
  • This page has been accessed 7,172 times.